3 years ago

First-Principles Study on NaxTiO2 with Trigonal Bipyramid Structures: An Insight into Sodium-Ion Battery Anode Application.

Song-hyok Choe, Chol-jun Yu, Kum-chol Ri, Jin-song Kim, Un-gi Jong, Yun-hyok Kye, Song-nam Hong

Developing efficient anode materials with low electrode voltage, high specific capacity and superior rate capability is urgently required on the road to commercially viable sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Aiming at finding a new SIB anode material, we investigate the electrochemical properties of NaxTiO2 compounds with unprecedented penta-oxygen-coordinated trigonal bipyramid (TB) structures by using the first-principles calculations. Identifying the four different TB phases, we perform the optimization of their crystal structures and calculate their energetics such as sodium binding energy, formation energy, electrode potential and activation energy for Na ion migration. The computations reveal that TB-I phase can be the best choice among the four TB phases for the SIB anode material due to relatively low volume change under 4% upon Na insertion, low electrode voltage under 1.0 V with a possibility of realizing the highest specific capacity of ~335 mAh/g from fully sodiation at x = 1, and reasonably low activation barriers under 0.35 eV at the Na content from x = 0.125 to x = 0.5. Through the analysis of electronic density of states and charge density difference upon sodiation, we find that the NaxTiO2 compounds in TB phases change from electron insulating to electron conducting material due to the electron transfer from Na atom to Ti ion, ordering the Ti 4+/Ti 3+ redox couple for SIB operation.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1901.02641

DOI: arXiv:1901.02641v1

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