3 years ago

Unfolding quantum master equation into a system of real-valued equations: computationally effective expansion over the basis of $SU(N)$ generators.

A. Liniov, I. Meyerov, E. Kozinov, V. Volokitin, I. Yusipov, M. Ivanchenko, S. Denisov

Dynamics of an open $N$-state quantum system is typically modeled with a Markovian master equation describing the evolution of the system's density operator. By using generators of $SU(N)$ group as a basis, the density operator can be transformed into a real-valued 'Bloch vector'. The Lindbladian, a super-operator which serves a generator of the evolution, can be expanded over the same basis and recast in the form of a real matrix. Together, these expansions result is a non-homogeneous system of $N^2-1$ real-valued linear differential equations for the Bloch vector. Now one can, e.g., implement a high-performance parallel simplex algorithm to find a solution of this system which guarantees preservation of the norm (exactly), Hermiticity (exactly), and positivity (with a high accuracy) of the density matrix. However, when performed on in a straightforward way, the expansion turns to be an operation of the time complexity $\mathcal{O}(N^{10})$. The complexity can be reduced substantially when the number of dissipative operators is independent of $N$, which is often the case for physically meaningful models. Here we present an algorithm to transform quantum master equation into a system of real-valued differential equations and propagate it forward in time. By using a scalable model, we evaluate computational efficiency of the algorithm and demonstrate that it is possible to handle the model system with $N = 10^3$ states on a regular-size computer cluster.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1812.11626

DOI: arXiv:1812.11626v2

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