Multi-layer non-hydrostatic free surface modelling using the discontinuous Galerkin method
Publication date: Available online 8 January 2019
Source: Ocean Modelling
Author(s): Wei Pan, Stephan C. Kramer, Matthew D. Piggott
A multi-layer non-hydrostatic version of the unstructured mesh, discontinuous Galerkin finite element based coastal ocean model, Thetis, is developed. This is accomplished using the PDE solver framework, Firedrake, which is used to automatically produce the code for the discretised model equations in a rapid and efficient manner. The motivation for this work is a need to accurately simulate dispersive nearshore free surface processes.
In order to resolve both frequency dispersion and non-linear effects accurately, additional non-hydrostatic terms are included in the layer-integrated hydrostatic equations, producing a form similar to the layered non-linear shallow water equations, but with extra vertical velocities at the layer interfaces. An implementation process is adopted to easily handle the inter-layer connection, i.e. the governing equations are transformed into a depth-integrated system through the introduction of depth-averaged variables.
The model is verified and validated through comparisons against several idealised and experimentally-based test cases. All the comparisons demonstrate good agreement, showing that the developed non-hydrostatic model has excellent capabilities in representing coastal wave phenomena including shoaling, refraction and diffraction of dispersive short waves, as well as propagation, run-up and inundation of non-linear tsunami waves.
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