Complications, patient-reported outcomes, and aesthetic results in immediate breast reconstruction with a dermal sling: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 8 January 2019
Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery
Author(s): Christian Jepsen, Håkan Hallberg, Aldina Pivodic, Anna Elander, Emma Hansson
An inferior dermal flap (“sling”) can be used to cover an implant with two layers of tissue following Wise pattern skin-reducing mastectomies. Here, we performed a systematic review of the risks and benefits of this technique, specifically regarding complications, patient-reported outcomes, and aesthetic outcomes. PubMed and other relevant databases were searched using specific key words, with inclusion criteria comprising studies of dermal sling use involving ≥5 patients and performance according to the PICO framework. A meta-analysis was performed using a random-effects model involving a binomial distribution with logit-link function. For each study, the 95% confidence interval (CI) was obtained based on exact limits from a binomial distribution, and heterogeneity testing was performed using a chi-squared test. A total of 428 abstracts were retrieved, with 24 studies meeting the inclusion criteria and including a total of 879 patients and 1184 reconstructed breasts. The mean complication rate was 21.6% (95% CI: 16.9–27.2%), with the most common complication involving wound-healing problems (mean, 11.4%; 95% CI: 8.5–15.2%), and the frequency of implant loss (<3 months) varied from 0% to 14% (mean, 2.2%; 95% CI: 1.1–4.4%). Seven articles reported patient-reported outcomes, and four reported aesthetic outcomes, with the quality of evidence classified as low for complications and very low for patient-reported outcomes and aesthetic outcomes. Our findings showed that although implant-based reconstruction with a dermal sling is widely used, there is little scientific evidence supporting the method.
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.