3 years ago

Progesterone in vitro increases growth, motility and progesterone receptor expression in third stage larvae of Toxocara canis

L.e. Chávez-güitrón, J. Morales-montor, K.e. Nava-castro, H. Ramírez-álvarez, N.a. Moreno-mendoza, M.a. Prado-ochoa, M.a. Muñoz-guzmán, F. Alba-hurtado

Publication date: Available online 8 January 2019

Source: Experimental Parasitology

Author(s): L.E. Chávez-Güitrón, J. Morales-Montor, K.E. Nava-Castro, H. Ramírez-Álvarez, N.A. Moreno-Mendoza, M.A. Prado-Ochoa, M.A. Muñoz-Guzmán, F. Alba-Hurtado

Abstract

The in vitro effect of progesterone in T. canis larvae on their enlargement and motility were evaluated, together to the possible presence of progesterone receptors (PRs). T. canis larvae were cultured in RPMI-1640 with different concentrations of progesterone (0, 20, 40, 80, 400 and 800 ng/mL). Enlargement and increases in motility were dependent on the concentration only from 0 to 80 ng/mL (p < 0.05). The mean percentage of PR + cells in newly obtained larvae as measured by flow cytometry was 8.16 ± 0.4. The number of PR + cells increased depending on concentration from 0 to 80 ng/mL (p < 0.001). Cells obtained from larvae stimulated at any of the studied hormone concentrations showed greater mean fluorescence intensity when compared to non-stimulated cells. Additionally, the expression and location of PR + cells were determined in the larvae. The sequence of an amplicon (420-bp) obtained by PCR from T. canis larvae showed 100% homology with a gene fragment that codes for the PR of the dog. PR + cells were immunolocated using confocal microscopy in the intestinal region of the larvae that had been recently obtained. The results of this study show that T. canis larvae can recognize and respond to the presence of progesterone through a molecule possibly able to bind it. Since we previously observed a similar response to prolactin, we suggest that both hormones could participate sequentially in the reactivation of T. canis larvae in pregnant bitches.

Graphical abstract

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