3 years ago

Self-Assembled Injectable Nanocomposite Hydrogels Stabilized by Bisphosphonate-Magnesium (Mg2+) Coordination Regulates the Differentiation of Encapsulated Stem Cells via Dual Crosslinking

Self-Assembled Injectable Nanocomposite Hydrogels Stabilized by Bisphosphonate-Magnesium (Mg2+) Coordination Regulates the Differentiation of Encapsulated Stem Cells via Dual Crosslinking
Kelvin W. K. Yeung, Liming Bian, Jianbin Xu, Qian Feng, Feng Tian, Xiayi Xu, Kunyu Zhang
Nanocomposite hydrogels consist of a polymer matrix embedded with nanoparticles (NPs), which provide the hydrogels with unique bioactivities and mechanical properties. Incorporation of NPs via in situ precipitation in the polymer matrix further enhances these desirable hydrogel properties. However, the noncytocompatible pH, osmolality, and lengthy duration typically required for such in situ precipitation strategies preclude cell encapsulation in the resultant hydrogels. Bisphosphonate (BP) exhibits a variety of specific bioactivities and excellent binding affinity to multivalent cations such as magnesium ions (Mg2+). Here, the preparation of nanocomposite hydrogels via self-assembly driven by bisphosphonate-Mg2+ coordination is described. Upon mixing solutions of polymer bearing BPs, BP monomer (Ac-BP), and Mg2+, this effective and dynamic coordination leads to the rapid self-assembly of Ac-BP-Mg NPs which function as multivalent crosslinkers stabilize the resultant hydrogel structure at physiological pH. The obtained nanocomposite hydrogels are self-healing and exhibit improved mechanical properties compared to hydrogels prepared by blending prefabricated NPs. Importantly, the hydrogels in this study allow the encapsulation of cells and subsequent injection without compromising the viability of seeded cells. Furthermore, the acrylate groups on the surface of Ac-BP-Mg NPs enable facile temporal control over the stiffness and crosslinking density of hydrogels via UV-induced secondary crosslinking, and it is found that the delayed introduction of this secondary crosslinking enhances cell spreading and osteogenesis. A self-assembled nanocomposite hydrogel is fabricated by the effective and dynamic coordination between bisphosphonate and Mg2+. This hydrogel exhibits enhanced mechanical properties, excellent injectability, and self-healing characteristics. The photopolymerization of the acrylate groups on the surface of Ac-BP-Mg nanoparticles can further increase the crosslinking of the hydrogels, and hence regulate the spreading and osteogenesis of the encapsulated human mesenchymal stem cells.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201701642

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