5 years ago

Chaperonin-Nanocaged Hemin as an Artificial Metalloenzyme for Oxidation Catalysis

Chaperonin-Nanocaged Hemin as an Artificial Metalloenzyme for Oxidation Catalysis
Xiaoqiang Wang, Fang Huang, Rongsheng Lu, Xuan Liu, Meihong Pan, Fuping Jiang, Junting Wei, Yihui Huang, Chao Wang
Taking inspiration from biology’s effectiveness in functionalizing protein-based nanocages for chemical processes, we describe here a rational design of an artificial metalloenzyme for oxidations with the bacterial chaperonin GroEL, a nanocage for protein folding in nature, by supramolecular anchoring of catalytically active hemin in its hydrophobic central cavity. The promiscuity of the chaperonin cavity is an essential element of this design, which can mimic the hydrophobic binding pocket in natural metalloenzymes to accept cofactor and substrate without requiring specific ligand–protein interactions. The success of this approach is manifested in the efficient loading of multiple monomeric hemin cofactors to the GroEL cavity by detergent dialysis and good catalytic oxidation properties of the resulting biohybrid in tandem with those of the clean oxidant of H2O2. Investigation of the mechanism of hemin–GroEL-catalyzed oxidation of two-model substrates reveals that the kinetic behavior of the complex follows a ping-pong mechanism in both cases. Through comparison with horseradish peroxidase, the oxidative activity and stability of hemin–GroEL were observed to be similar to those found in natural peroxidases. Adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP)-regulated partial dissociation of the biohybrid, as assessed by the reduction of its catalytic activity with the addition of the nucleotide, raises the prospect that ATP may be used to recycle the chaperonin scaffold. Moreover, hemin–GroEL can be applied to the chromogenic detection of H2O2, which (or peroxide in general) is commonly contained in industrial wastes. Considering the rich chemistry of free metalloporphyrins and the ease of production of GroEL and its supramolecular complex with hemin, this work should seed the creation of many new artificial metalloenzymes with diverse reactivities.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b08963

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b08963

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.