5 years ago

Tellurium-Impregnated Porous Cobalt-Doped Carbon Polyhedra as Superior Cathodes for Lithium–Tellurium Batteries

Tellurium-Impregnated Porous Cobalt-Doped Carbon Polyhedra as Superior Cathodes for Lithium–Tellurium Batteries
Weidong He, Jiarui He, Yanrong Li, Wu Qin, Weiqiang Lv, Yuanfu Chen, Kechun Wen, Chen Xu, Wanli Zhang
Lithium–tellurium (Li–Te) batteries are attractive for energy storage owing to their high theoretical volumetric capacity of 2621 mAh cm–3. In this work, highly nanoporous cobalt and nitrogen codoped carbon polyhedra (C–Co–N) derived from a metal–organic framework (MOF) is synthesized and employed as tellurium host for Li–Te batteries. The Te@C–Co–N cathode with a high Te loading of 77.2 wt % exhibits record-breaking electrochemical performances including an ultrahigh initial capacity of 2615.2 mAh cm–3 approaching the theoretical capacity of Te (2621 mAh cm–3), a superior cycling stability with a high capacity retention of 93.6%, a ∼99% Columbic efficiency after 800 cycles as well as rate capacities of 2160, 1327.6, and 894.8 mAh cm–3 at 4, 10, and 20 C, respectively. The redox chemistry of tellurium is revealed by in operando Raman spectroscopic analysis and density functional theory simulations. The results illustrate that the performances are attributed to the highly conductive C–Co–N matrix with an advantageous structure of abundant micropores, which provides highly efficient channels for electron transfer and ionic diffusion as well as sufficient surface area to efficiently host tellurium while mitigating polytelluride dissolution and suppressing volume expansion.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b03057

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b03057

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