5 years ago

Soluble Lead and Bismuth Chalcogenidometallates: Versatile Solders for Thermoelectric Materials

Soluble Lead and Bismuth Chalcogenidometallates: Versatile Solders for Thermoelectric Materials
Soma Chattopadhyay, Dmitriy S. Dolzhnikov, Hao Zhang, Margaret H. Hudson, Jae Sung Son, Yuanyuan Wang, Alexander S. Filatov, Dmitri V. Talapin, Cheng-Jun Sun, Abhijit Hazarika
Here we report the syntheses of largely unexplored lead and bismuth chalcogenidometallates in the solution phase. Using N2H4 as the solvent, new compounds such as K6Pb3Te6·7N2H4 were obtained. These soluble molecular compounds underwent cation exchange processes using resin chemistry, replacing Na+ or K+ by decomposable N2H5+ or tetraethylammonium cations. They also transformed into stoichiometric lead and bismuth chalcogenide nanomaterials with the addition of metal salts. Such a versatile chemistry led to a variety of composition-matched solders to join lead and bismuth chalcogenides and tune their charge transport properties at the grain boundaries. Solution-processed thin films composed of Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 microparticles soldered by (N2H5)6Bi0.5Sb1.5Te6 exhibited thermoelectric power factors (∼28 μW/cm K2) comparable to those in vacuum-deposited Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 films. The soldering effect can also be integrated with attractive fabrication techniques for thermoelectric modules, such as screen printing, suggesting the potential of these solders in the rational design of printable and moldable thermoelectrics.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b01797

DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b01797

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