4 years ago

Insight into Water Structure at the Surfactant Surfaces and in Microemulsion Confinement

Insight into Water Structure at the Surfactant Surfaces and in Microemulsion Confinement
Alexander V. Benderskii, Muhammet Mammetkuliyev, Anton Svirida, Chayan Dutta, Marina Rukhadze
Interactions with surfactant molecules can significantly alter the structure of interfacial water. We present a comparative study of water–surfactant interactions using two different spectroscopic approaches: water at planar surfactant monolayers by sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy and interfacial water confined in reverse micelles formed by the same surfactants using IR absorption spectroscopy. We report spectral features in the OH-stretching region (3200–3700 cm–1) that are observed in both IR and SFG spectra, albeit with different relative amplitudes, for ionic surfactant sodium 1,4-bis-2-ethylhexylsulfosuccinate (AOT) and nonionic surfactant polyoxyethylene(4)lauryl ether (Brij L-4) reverse micelles in hexane and the corresponding monolayers at the air/water interface. A prominent feature in the SFG spectra of the OH stretch at 3560 cm–1 is attributed to water molecules that have a weak donor hydrogen bond to the surfactant headgroup. The same feature is observed in the IR spectra of reverse micelles after deconvoluting the interfacial versus bulk spectral contributions. We performed an orientational analysis of these water molecules utilizing the polarization-dependent SFG spectra, which shows an average tilt angle of the OH stretch of surfactant-bound water molecules of ∼155° with respect to the surface normal.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b04733

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b04733

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