5 years ago

Enabling Graded and Large-Scale Multiplex of Desired Genes Using a Dual-Mode dCas9 Activator in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Enabling Graded and Large-Scale Multiplex of Desired Genes Using a Dual-Mode dCas9 Activator in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Julio Mejia, Hal S. Alper, Matthew Deaner
Standard approaches for dCas9-based modification of gene expression are limited in the ability to multiplex targets, establish streamlined cassettes, and utilize commonly studied Pol II promoters. In this work, we repurpose the dCas9-VPR activator to act as a dual-mode activator/repressor that can be programmed solely on the basis of target position at gene loci. Furthermore, we implement this approach using a streamlined Pol II-ribozyme system that allows expression of many sgRNAs from a single transcript. By “stepping” dCas9-VPR within the promoter region and ORF we create graded activation and repression (respectively) of target genes, allowing precise control over multiplexed gene modulation. Expression from the Pol II system increased the net amount of sgRNA production in cells by 3.88-fold relative to the Pol III SNR52 promoter, leading to a significant improvement in dCas9-VPR repression strength. Finally, we utilize our Pol II system to create galactose-inducible switching of gene expression states and multiplex constructs capable of modulating up to 4 native genes from a single vector. Our approach represents a significant step toward minimizing DNA required to assemble CRISPR systems in eukaryotes while enhancing the efficacy (greater repression strength), scale (more sgRNAs), and scope (inducibility) of dCas9-mediated gene regulation.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssynbio.7b00163

DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.7b00163

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.