3 years ago

Pre-therapy liver transcriptome landscape in Indian and French patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis and steroid responsiveness

Shvetank Sharma, Pierre-Emmanuel Rautou, Valérie Paradis, Chhagan B. Sharma, Sophie Lotersztajn, Sukanta Das, Jaswinder S. Maras, Shiv K. Sarin, Emmanuel Weiss, Shabir Hussain, Christophe Junot, Hélène Gilgenkrantz, Ashwani K. Mishra, Richard Moreau, Laure Elkrief, Pierre Grange, Saggere M. Shasthry
Patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH) not responding to glucocorticoid therapy have higher mortality, though they do not differ in their baseline clinical characteristics and prognostic scores from those who respond to therapy. We hypothesized that the baseline hepatic gene expression differs between responders (R) and non-responders (NR). Baseline liver transcriptome was compared between R and NR in Indian (16 each) and French (5 NR, 3 R) patients with SAH. There were differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between NR and R, in Indian (1106 over-expressed, 96 under-expressed genes) and French patients (65 over-expressed, 142 under-expressed genes). Indian NR had features of hepatocyte senescence and French NR exhibited under-expression of genes involved in cell division, indicating a central defect in the capacity of hepatocytes for self-renewal in both populations. Markers of hepatic progenitor cell proliferation were either very few (Indian patients) or absent (French patients). No DEGs were enriched in inflammatory pathways and there were no differences in nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group C member 1 (NR3C1) transcript expression and splicing between NR and R. Our results reveal that baseline hepatic transcriptome is reflective of subsequent glucocorticoid non-response and indicate impaired regenerative potential of the liver as an underlying phenomenon in NR.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-07161-4

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-07161-4

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.