4 years ago

Antibiotic That Inhibits the ATPase Activity of an ATP-Binding Cassette Transporter by Binding to a Remote Extracellular Site

Antibiotic That Inhibits the ATPase Activity of an ATP-Binding Cassette Transporter by Binding to a Remote Extracellular Site
Leigh M. Matano, David Hooper, Emaline Laney, Suzanne Walker, Hidemasa Nakaminami, Timothy C. Meredith, Sara E. S. Martin, Heidi G. Morris, Wonsik Lee, Tristan W. Owens, Anthony R. Hesser
Antibiotic-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus pose a major threat to human health and there is an ongoing need for new antibiotics to treat resistant infections. In a high throughput screen (HTS) of 230 000 small molecules designed to identify bioactive wall teichoic acid (WTA) inhibitors, we identified one hit, which was expanded through chemical synthesis into a small panel of potent compounds. We showed that these compounds target TarG, the transmembrane component of the two-component ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter TarGH, which exports WTA precursors to the cell surface for attachment to peptidoglycan. We purified, for the first time, a WTA transporter and have reconstituted ATPase activity in proteoliposomes. We showed that this new compound series inhibits TarH-catalyzed ATP hydrolysis even though the binding site maps to TarG near the opposite side of the membrane. These are the first ABC transporter inhibitors shown to block ATPase activity by binding to the transmembrane domain. The compounds have potential as therapeutic agents to treat S. aureus infections, and purification of the transmembrane transporter will enable further development.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b04726

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b04726

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.