5 years ago

Versatile Site-Selective Protein Reaction Guided by WW Domain–Peptide Motif Interaction

Versatile Site-Selective Protein Reaction Guided by WW Domain–Peptide Motif Interaction
Mingjie Zhang, Jiang Xia, Miao Liu, Zeyang Ji
A short, flexible, and unstructured peptide tag that has versatile and facile use in protein labeling applications is highly desirable. Here, we report an 11-residue peptide tag with an internal cysteine (a W-tag, derived from a Comm PY peptide motif that is known to bind with Nedd4 WW3* domain) that can be installed at different regions of the target protein without compromising its covalent reactivity with the reactive label (a 35-residue synthetic Nedd4 WW3* domain derivative). This versatility is explained by the unique structural features of the reaction. NMR analysis reveals that both the W-tag peptide and reactive Nedd4 WW3* protein are unstructured before they encounter each other. The binding interaction of the two induces noticeable structural changes and promotes global folding. Consequently, the reactive cysteine residue at W-tag and the electrophilic chloroacetyl group at Nedd4 WW3* domain are positioned to be in close proximity, inducing an intermolecular covalent cross-linking. The covalent linkage in turn stabilizes the folding of the protein complex. This unique multistep mechanism renders this labeling reaction amenable to different sites of the proteins of interest: installation of the tag at N- and C-termini, in the flexible linker region, in the loop region, and the extracellular terminus of target proteins exhibited comparable reactivity. This work therefore represents the first proximity-induced cysteine reaction based on the unique binding features of WW domains that demonstrates unprecedented versatility.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00334

DOI: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00334

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