3 years ago

Structural and SAXS analysis of Tle5-Tli5 complex reveals a novel inhibition mechanism of H2-T6SS in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Zhi Geng, Jian-Hua Xu, Wen-Jia Wang, Zhun She, Zeng-Qiang Gao, Zong-Qiang Li, Yu-Hui Dong, Xiao-Yun Yang
Widely spread in gram-negative bacteria, the type VI secretion system (T6SS) secretes many effector-immunity protein pairs to help the bacteria compete against other prokaryotic rivals, and infect their eukaryotic hosts. Tle5 and Tle5B are two phospholipase effector protein secreted by T6SS of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. They can facilitate the bacterial internalization process into human epithelial cells by interacting with Akt protein of the PI3K-Akt signal pathway. Tli5 and PA5086-5088 are cognate immunity proteins of Tle5 and Tle5B, respectively. They can interact with their cognate effector proteins to suppress their virulence. Here, we report the crystal structure of Tli5 at 2.8Å resolution and successfully fit it into the Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) model of the complete Tle5-Tli5 complex. We identified two important motifs in Tli5 through sequence and structural analysis. One is a conserved loop-β-hairpin motif that exist in the Tle5 immunity homologs, the other is a long and sharp α-α motif that directly interacts with Tle5 according to SAXS data. We also distinguished the structural features of Tle5 and Tle5B family immunity proteins. Together, our work provided insights into a novel inhibition mechanism that may enhance our understanding of phospholipase D family proteins. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/pro.3246

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