4 years ago

Exceptional High-Performance of Pt-Based Bimetallic Catalysts for Exclusive Detection of Exhaled Biomarkers

Exceptional High-Performance of Pt-Based Bimetallic Catalysts for Exclusive Detection of Exhaled Biomarkers
Il-Doo Kim, Harry L. Tuller, Ji-Soo Jang, Won-Tae Koo, Sang-Joon Kim, Hee-Jin Cho, Seon-Jin Choi
Achieving an improved understanding of catalyst properties, with ability to predict new catalytic materials, is key to overcoming the inherent limitations of metal oxide based gas sensors associated with rather low sensitivity and selectivity, particularly under highly humid conditions. This study introduces newly designed bimetallic nanoparticles (NPs) employing bimetallic Pt-based NPs (PtM, where M = Pd, Rh, and Ni) via a protein encapsulating route supported on mesoporous WO3 nanofibers. These structures demonstrate unprecedented sensing performance for detecting target biomarkers (even at p.p.b. levels) in highly humid exhaled breath. Sensor arrays are further employed to enable pattern recognition capable of discriminating between simulated biomarkers and controlled breath. The results provide a new class of multicomponent catalytic materials, demonstrating potential for achieving reliable breath analysis sensing. Effective strategy to readily synthesize highly dispersed Pt-based bimetallic (PtM, where M = Pd, Rh, and Ni) NPs as a new class of active catalysts is successfully developed on highly porous architecture of 1D WO3 nanofibers via protein template, i.e., apoferritin, in combination with electrospinning method for superior exhaled breath sensors.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201700737

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