5 years ago

Genomewide Analysis of Clp1 Function in Transcription in Budding Yeast

Nadra Al-Husini, Athar Ansari, Ali Sharifi, Hamidreza Chitsaz, Seyed Ahmad Mousavi
In budding yeast, the 3′ end processing of mRNA and the coupled termination of transcription by RNAPII requires the CF IA complex. We have earlier demonstrated a role for the Clp1 subunit of this complex in termination and promoter-associated transcription of CHA1. To assess the generality of the observed function of Clp1 in transcription, we tested the effect of Clp1 on transcription on a genomewide scale using the Global Run-On-Seq (GRO-Seq) approach. GRO-Seq analysis showed the polymerase reading through the termination signal in the downstream region of highly transcribed genes in a temperature-sensitive mutant of Clp1 at elevated temperature. No such terminator readthrough was observed in the mutant at the permissive temperature. The poly(A)-independent termination of transcription of snoRNAs, however, remained unaffected in the absence of Clp1 activity. These results strongly suggest a role for Clp1 in poly(A)-coupled termination of transcription. Furthermore, the density of antisense transcribing polymerase upstream of the promoter region exhibited an increase in the absence of Clp1 activity, thus implicating Clp1 in promoter directionality. The overall conclusion of these results is that Clp1 plays a general role in poly(A)-coupled termination of RNAPII transcription and in enhancing promoter directionality in budding yeast.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-07062-6

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-07062-6

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