Increased risk of dental trauma in patients with allergic rhinitis: A nationwide population-based cohort study
by Ming-Jhih Siao, Gunng-Shinng Chen, Wei-Cheng Lee, Jorng-Tzong Horng, Cheng-Wei Chang, Chung-Hsing LiAllergic rhinitis (AR) is associated with various developmental issues that affecting dentition. We aimed to determine whether AR is associated with an increased risk of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in Taiwanese individuals. We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to conduct a nested case-control study. We compared an AR cohort with a matched cohort of patients without AR. New TDI cases were determined during our study period. To compare TDI risk between our study cohorts, we used Cox proportional regression analysis, and hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to quantify the association between AR exposure and TDI risk. In total, 76749 patients with AR (31715 male; 45034 female) were identified. In the AR and the non-AR cohorts, 312 patients in total had TDI. Patients with AR had a significantly higher risk of TDI than those without AR (aHR = 1.92; 95% CI = 1.459–2.525; P < 0.001). The risk of TDI was markedly higher in the AR cohort, except in the 3–12-year-old group, and with a CCI ≥ 1. AR patients had a future risk of TDI, indicating a potentially linked disease pathophysiology. The association between AR and TDI is greater among general patients. Clinicians and caregivers should be aware of potential TDI co-morbidity in patients with AR.
Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.