3 years ago

Chaperonin facilitates protein folding by avoiding polypeptide collapse

K., Motojima, M., F., Fujii, Yoshida
Chaperonins assist folding of many cellular proteins, including essential proteins for cell viability. However, it remains unclear how chaperonin-assisted folding is different from spontaneous folding. Chaperonin GroEL/GroES facilitates folding of denatured protein encapsulated in its central cage but the denatured protein often escapes from the cage to the outside during reaction. Here, we show evidence that the in-cage-folding and the escape occur diverging from the same intermediate complex in which polypeptide is tethered loosely to the cage and partly protrudes out of the cage. Furthermore, denatured proteins in the chaperonin cage start their folding from extended conformations but not from compact conformations as usually observed in spontaneous folding. We propose that the formation of tethered intermediate of polypeptide is necessary to prevent polypeptide collapse at the expense of polypeptide escape. The tethering of polypeptide would allow freely mobile portions of tethered polypeptide to fold segmentally. The folding acceleration and deceleration by chaperonin for various substrate proteins can be explained by considering the tethering.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/126623v1

DOI: 10.1101/126623

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.