3 years ago

Structural Models And Considerations On The COA6, COX18 And COX20 Factors That Assist Assembly Of Human Cytochrome C Oxidase Subunit II

Abriata, L.
The soluble domain of cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (COX2), located in the outer side of the inner mitochondrial membrane, contains a binuclear copper site (CuA) through which electrons flow from cytochrome c to the core of the oxidase where oxygen reduction takes place. Being COX2 encoded in the mitochondrial genome, newly synthesized protein undergoes maturation steps in which it is translocated through and inserted into the inner mitochondrial membrane, and copper ions are loaded to form the CuA site. These steps are ensured by several protein factors in a complex pathway that is not fully understood, including copper-loading and disulfide-reduction proteins plus chaperones that assist proper membrane insertion. While the structure and function of copper-loading and disulfide-reducing proteins Sco1 and Sco2 have been quite studied at atomistic level, the latest biological studies have uncovered roles for other proteins that are not yet much understood at the structural level. In particular, recent experiments showed that membrane protein COX18 is a membrane-protein insertase for COX2, whereas membrane protein COX20 is a chaperone that stabilizes COX2 during translocation through the inner mitochondrial membrane, and soluble protein COA6 is part of the copper-loading pathway in conjunction with Sco1 and Sco2. This work reports structural models for COX18, COX20 and COA6, built judiciously from homology modeling, contact prediction-based modeling and transmembrane helix predictions, while considering the underlying biology. Implications and limitations of the models are discussed, and possible experimental routes to pursue are proposed. All models are provided as PyMOL sessions in the Supporting Information and can be visualized online at http://lucianoabriata.altervista.org/modelshome.html.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/123349v1

DOI: 10.1101/123349

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