3 years ago

Wet-Chemical Synthesis of Hollow Red-Phosphorus Nanospheres with Porous Shells as Anodes for High-Performance Lithium-Ion and Sodium-Ion Batteries

Wet-Chemical Synthesis of Hollow Red-Phosphorus Nanospheres with Porous Shells as Anodes for High-Performance Lithium-Ion and Sodium-Ion Batteries
Yang Lan, Jianwen Liang, Xianyu Liu, Jianbin Zhou, Zhuoheng Jiang, Yongchun Zhu, Wenlong Cai, Yitai Qian, Gongming Wang, Kailong Zhang
Large-volume-expansion-induced material pulverization severely limits the electrochemical performance of red phosphorous (P) for energy-storage applications. Hollow nanospheres with porous shells are recognized as an ideal structure to resolve these issues. However, a chemical synthetic approach for preparing nanostructured red P is always of great challenge and hollow nanosphere structures of red P have not yet been fabricated. Herein, a wet solvothermal method to successfully fabricate hollow P nanospheres (HPNs) with porous shells via a gas-bubble-directed formation mechanism is developed. More importantly, due to the merits of the porous and hollow structures, these HPNs reveal the highest capacities (based on the weight of electrode materials) of 1285.7 mA h g−1 for lithium-ion batteries and 1364.7 mA h g−1 for sodium-ion batteries at 0.2 C, and excellent long-cycling performance. Preparing nanostructured phosphorus by a chemical synthetic approach is always challenging. A wet solvothermal method is developed to fabricate hollow phosphorous nanospheres (HPNs) with porous shells via a gas-bubble-directed formation mechanism. More importantly, due to the merits of porous and hollow structures, HPNs reveal excellent electrochemical performance as anodes for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201700214

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