5 years ago

Characterization of Blebbistatin Inhibition of Smooth Muscle Myosin and Nonmuscle Myosin-2

Characterization of Blebbistatin Inhibition of Smooth Muscle Myosin and Nonmuscle Myosin-2
Tong Ni, Aibing Wang, Hai-Man Zhang, Huan-Hong Ji, Xiang-dong Li, Rong-Na Ma
Blebbistatin is a potent and specific inhibitor of the motor functions of class II myosins, including striated muscle myosin and nonmuscle myosin-2 (NM2). However, the blebbistatin inhibition of NM2c has not been assessed and remains controversial with respect to its efficacy with smooth muscle myosin (SmM), which is highly homologous to NM2. To clarify these issues, we analyzed the effects of blebbistatin on the motor activities of recombinant SmM and three NM2s (NM2a, -2b, and -2c). We found that blebbistatin potently inhibits the actin-activated ATPase activities of SmM and NM2s with following IC50 values: 6.47 μM for SmM, 3.58 μM for NM2a, 2.30 μM for NM2b, and 1.57 μM for NM2c. To identify the blebbistatin-resistant myosin-2 mutant, we performed mutagenesis analysis of the conserved residues in the blebbistatin-binding site of SmM and NM2s. We found that the A456F mutation renders SmM and NM2s resistant to blebbistatin without greatly altering their motor activities or phosphorylation-dependent regulation, making A456F a useful mutant for investigating the cellular function of NM2s.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00311

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00311

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