3 years ago

Sandwich-Type NbS2@S@I-Doped Graphene for High-Sulfur-Loaded, Ultrahigh-Rate, and Long-Life Lithium–Sulfur Batteries

Sandwich-Type NbS2@S@I-Doped Graphene for High-Sulfur-Loaded, Ultrahigh-Rate, and Long-Life Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
Hui Pan, Zhi Yang, Ruihu Wang, Linjie Zhang, Zhubing Xiao
Lithium–sulfur batteries practically suffer from short cycling life, low sulfur utilization, and safety concerns, particularly at ultrahigh rates and high sulfur loading. To address these problems, we have designed and synthesized a ternary NbS2@S@IG composite consisting of sandwich-type NbS2@S enveloped by iodine-doped graphene (IG). The sandwich-type structure provides an interconnected conductive network and plane-to-point intimate contact between layered NbS2 (or IG) and sulfur particles, enabling sulfur species to be efficiently entrapped and utilized at ultrahigh rates, while the structural integrity is well maintained. NbS2@S@IG exhibits prominent high-power charge/discharge performances. Reversible capacities of 195, 107, and 74 mA h g–1 (1.05 mg cm–2) have been achieved after 2000 cycles at ultrahigh rates of 20, 30, and 40 C, respectively, and the corresponding average decay rates per cycle are 0.022%, 0.031% and 0.033%, respectively. When the area sulfur loading is increased to 3.25 mg cm–2, the electrode still maintains a high discharge capacity of 405 mAh g–1 after 600 cycles at 1 C. Three half-cells in series assembled with NbS2@S@IG can drive 60 indicators of LED modules after only 18 s of charging. The instantaneous current and power of the device reach 196.9 A g–1 and 1369.7 W g–1, respectively.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b04442

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b04442

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.