3 years ago

Fabrication of organic-inorganic nanofiltration membrane using ordered stacking SiO2 thin film as rejection layer assisted with layer-by-layer method

Fabrication of organic-inorganic nanofiltration membrane using ordered stacking SiO2 thin film as rejection layer assisted with layer-by-layer method
In the past decades, application of nanomaterials in fabrication of organic-inorganic composite nanofiltration (NF) membrane for membrane performance improvement has been intensively studied. Herein, novel SiO2 organic-inorganic NF membrane was achieved using an ultrathin and ordered stacking SiO2 thin film as rejection layer assisted with layer-by-layer method. The resultant membrane showed a great enhancement in hydrophilicity with a membrane surface charge of −44mV. It exhibited typical characteristics of negatively charged NF membranes because of the rejection against negatively charged methyl blue and methyl orange was 99.5% and 97.6%, while the rejection for positively charged methylene blue decreased to 90.1%. Correspondingly, the water flux declined from 20L/m2·h to 9.1L/m2·h using 20ppm dye solutions as feed solution at 4bar. In addition, the salt rejection of the produced membrane followed the sequence of MgSO4 (88.7%)>Na2SO4 (82.1%)>MgCl2 (64.5%)>NaCl (43.1%), which was in accordance with the size exclusion and Donnan effect. The SiO2 organic-inorganic membrane presented a remarkable stability under high operating pressure as well as long-term NF test. To conclude, this work paves a new avenue to fabricate highly permeable and selective NF membrane by using inorganic thin film as rejection layer.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1385894717313062

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