5 years ago

Lignin-based activated carbons as metal-free catalysts for the oxidative degradation of 4-nitrophenol in aqueous solution

Lignin-based activated carbons as metal-free catalysts for the oxidative degradation of 4-nitrophenol in aqueous solution
A wheat and hemp lignin, obtained from a soda pulping-precipitation process, was carbonized at 800°C under N2 atmosphere. The resulting carbon material was thermally activated under oxidative atmosphere at four different temperatures (150, 200, 300 and 350°C). The materials prepared at higher activation temperatures (300 and 350°C) have proven their potential in the elimination of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) from aqueous model solutions (5gL−1) when using catalytic wet peroxide oxidation (CWPO). In these conditions we were able to remove around 70% of 4-NP after 24h, with an efficient H2O2 decomposition, in experiments conducted at relatively mild operating conditions (atmospheric pressure, 50°C, pH=3, catalyst load=2.5gL−1 and [H2O2]0 =17.8gL−1). By increasing the working temperature to 80°C, complete 4-NP removal was obtained within 48h (against 93% 4-NP removal at 50°C), with an efficiency of H2O2 consumption of 70% and a significant mineralization (61%). On the other hand, the materials prepared at lower activation temperatures (150 and 200°C), with higher basicity, promote the faster but inefficient H2O2 decomposition, 4-NP removal being lower than 25% after 24h at 50°C in CWPO. This can be attributed to the formation of species other than HO radicals during H2O2 decomposition, the recombination of the formed radicals into non-reactive species and a poor adsorption capacity.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0926337317307130

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