3 years ago

Stereoselective separation of β-adrenergic blocking agents containing two chiral centers by countercurrent chromatography

Four β-adrenergic blocking agents, including 1-[(1-methylethyl)amino]-3-phenoxy-2-propanol (1), 1-[(1-methylethyl)amino]-3-(3-methylphenoxy)-2-propanol (2), 1,1′-[1,4-phenylenebis(oxy)]bis[3-[(1-methylethyl)amino]-2-propanol (3) and 1,1′-[(4-methyl-1,2-phenylene)bis(oxy)]bis[3-[(1-methylethyl)amino]-2-propanol (4), were stereoselectively separated by countercurrent chromatography using di-n-hexyl l-tartrate and boric acid as chiral selector. The compounds (3) and (4) have four optical isomers since they contained two chiral centers. A two-phase solvent system composed of chloroform-0.05molL−1 of acetate buffer containing 0.10molL−1 of boric acid (1:1, v/v) was selected, in which 0.10molL−1 of di-n-hexyl l-tartrate was added in the organic phase as chiral selector. 20–42mg of each racemate was stereoselectively separated by countercurrent chromatography in a single run with high purity of 96–98%, and the recovery of each separated compound reached around 87–93%. This is the first time report on successful stereoselective separation of optical isomeric compounds containing two chiral centers by countercurrent chromatography. At the same time, a chiral stationary phase was screened for analytical stereoselective separation of compounds (3) and (4) by high performance liquid chromatography.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S002196731731052X

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