5 years ago

Human CST Prefers G-Rich but Not Necessarily Telomeric Sequences

Human CST Prefers G-Rich but Not Necessarily Telomeric Sequences
Deborah S. Wuttke, Robert A. Hom
The human CST (CTC1–STN1–TEN1) heterotrimeric complex plays roles in both telomere maintenance and DNA replication through its ability to interact with single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) of a variety of sequences. The precise sequence specificity required to execute these functions is unknown. Telomere-binding proteins have been shown to specifically recognize key telomeric sequence motifs within ssDNA while accommodating nonspecifically recognized sequences through conformationally plastic interfaces. To better understand the role CST plays in these processes, we have produced a highly purified heterotrimer and elucidated the sequence requirements for CST recognition of ssDNA in vitro. CST discriminates against random sequence and binds a minimal ssDNA comprised of three repeats of telomeric sequence. Replacement of individual nucleotides with their complement reveals that guanines are specifically recognized in a largely additive fashion and that specificity is distributed uniformly throughout the ligand. Unexpectedly, adenosines are also well tolerated at these sites, but cytosines are disfavored. Furthermore, sequences unrelated to the telomere repeat, yet still G-rich, bind CST well. Thus, CST is not inherently telomere-specific, but rather is a G-rich sequence binder. This biochemical activity is reminiscent of the yeast t-RPA and Tetrahymena thermophila CST complexes and is consistent with roles at G-rich sites throughout the genome.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00584

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00584

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