5 years ago

Au Exchange or Au Deposition: Dual Reaction Pathways in Au–CsPbBr3 Heterostructure Nanoparticles

Au Exchange or Au Deposition: Dual Reaction Pathways in Au–CsPbBr3 Heterostructure Nanoparticles
Matthew Sheldon, Rachel Downing, Christopher Galik, Benjamin J. Roman, Joseph Otto
We have designed a facile synthetic strategy for the selective deposition of Au metal on all-inorganic CsPbBr3 perovskite nanocrystals that includes the addition of PbBr2 salt along with AuBr3 salt. PbBr2 is necessary because the addition of Au3+ to solutions of CsPbBr3 nanocrystals otherwise results in the exchange of Au3+ ions from solution with Pb2+ cations within the nanocrystal lattice to produce Cs2AuIAuIIIBr6 nanocrystals with a tetragonal crystal structure and a band gap of about 1.6 eV, in addition to Au metal deposition. Including excess Pb2+ ions in solution prevents the exchange reaction. Au metal deposits on the surface of the nanocrystals to produce the Au–CsPbBr3 heterostructure nanoparticles with an Au particle diameter determined by the Au3+ ion concentration. Fluorescence quenching caused by Au deposition monotonically increases with deposition size, but the fluorescence quantum yield (QY) is significantly greater than if any cation exchange has occurred. An optimized synthesis can produce Au–CsPbBr3 nanoparticles with 70% QY and no evidence of cation exchange.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02355

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02355

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