3 years ago

Size effect of charcoal particles on the properties of bamboo charcoal/ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene composites

Size effect of charcoal particles on the properties of bamboo charcoal/ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene composites
Meng Gong, Haiying Wang, Chuchu Chen, Suiyi Li, Dagang Li, Xiaoyan Li, Qiaoyun Deng
This study was aimed at examining the size effect of charcoal particles on the properties of bamboo charcoal (BC)/ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) composites. Four types of BC with various particle sizes were mixed with UHMWPE using a twin-screw extruder. It was found that the melting temperature and crystallinity of the composites were slightly decreased with the addition of BC. The incorporation of BC remarkably improved the tensile properties and creep resistance of UHMWPE, and the particle size of BC strongly affected the properties of BC/UHMWPE composites. The BC with lowest particle size exhibited best reinforcement, where the tensile strength and Young's modulus were increased by 385% and 517% compared with neat UHMWPE. The composites with 70 wt % BC possessed conductivities of 16.8, 14.1, 13.5, and 10.9 S/m. The storage modulus and glass transition temperature of the composites also increased with the addition of BC. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45530.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.45530

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