4 years ago

2-Hydroxyisobutyrylation on histone H4K8 is regulated by glucose homeostasis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae [Biochemistry]

2-Hydroxyisobutyrylation on histone H4K8 is regulated by glucose homeostasis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae [Biochemistry]
Junbiao Dai, Xiaohong Qian, Qichen Cao, Qingyu Wu, Wantao Ying, Jing Huang, He Huang, Zhouqing Luo, Yingming Zhao, Junkai Dong

New types of modifications of histones keep emerging. Recently, histone H4K8 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation (H4K8hib) was identified as an evolutionarily conserved modification. However, how this modification is regulated within a cell is still elusive, and the enzymes adding and removing 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation have not been found. Here, we report that the amount of H4K8hib fluctuates in response to the availability of carbon source in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and that low-glucose conditions lead to diminished modification. The removal of the 2-hydroxyisobutyryl group from H4K8 is mediated by the histone lysine deacetylase Rpd3p and Hos3p in vivo. In addition, eliminating modifications at this site by alanine substitution alters transcription in carbon transport/metabolism genes and results in a reduced chronological life span (CLS). Furthermore, consistent with the glucose-responsive H4K8hib regulation, proteomic analysis revealed that a large set of proteins involved in glycolysis/gluconeogenesis are modified by lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation. Cumulatively, these results established a functional and regulatory network among Khib, glucose metabolism, and CLS.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.