5 years ago

Synthesis of Copper Oxide/Graphite Composite for High-Performance Rechargeable Battery Anode

Synthesis of Copper Oxide/Graphite Composite for High-Performance Rechargeable Battery Anode
Youn Sang Kim, Yuanzhe Piao, Hyunjin Kim, Zhenxing Yin, Jeeyoung Yoo, Duck-Jae You, Sanghun Cho, Yong-keon Ahn
A novel copper oxide/graphite composite (GCuO) anode with high capacity and long cycle stability is proposed. A simple, one-step synthesis method is used to prepare the GCuO, through heat treatment of the Cu ion complex and pristine graphite. The gases generated during thermal decomposition of the Cu ion complex (H2 and CO2) induce interlayer expansion of the graphite planes, which assists effective ion intercalation. Copper oxide is formed simultaneously as a high-capacity anode material through thermal reduction of the Cu ion complex. Material analyses reveal the formation of Cu oxide nanoparticles and the expansion of the gaps between the graphite layers from 0.34 to 0.40 nm, which is enough to alleviate layer stress for reversible ion intercalation for Li or Na batteries. The GCuO cell exhibits excellent Li-ion battery half-cell performance, with a capacity of 532 mAh g−1 at 0.2 C (C-rate) and capacity retention of 83 % after 250 cycles. Moreover, the LiFePO4/GCuO full cell is fabricated to verify the high performance of GCuO in practical applications. This cell has a capacity of 70 mAh g−1 and a coulombic efficiency of 99 %. The GCuO composite is therefore a promising candidate for use as an anode material in advanced Li- or Na-ion batteries. Graphite composite anode: A one-step synthesis of advanced graphite/Cu oxide composites (GCuO) is developed. Thermal treatment of a Cu ion complex and graphite induces graphite interlayer expansion and Cu oxide formation. The resulting GCuO cell shows a high capacity of 532 mAh g−1 and a good stability of 83 % after 250 cycles (see figure).

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201701931

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