5 years ago

Mechanistic Insights Into The Active Site And Allosteric Communication Pathways In Human Nonmuscle Myosin-2C

K., Sellers, Manstein, S. M., M., Preller, Heissler, Chinthalapudi, J. R., D. J.
The cyclical interaction of myosin with F-actin and nucleotides is the basis for contractility of the actin cytoskeleton. Despite a generic, highly conserved motor domain, ATP turnover kinetics and their activation by F-actin vary greatly between myosins-2 isoforms. Here, we present a 2.25 A crystal structure of the human nonmuscle myosin-2C motor domain, one of the slowest myosins characterized. In combination with integrated mutagenesis, ensemble-solution kinetics, and molecular dynamics simulations approaches, this study reveals an allosteric communication pathway that connects the distal end of the motor domain with the active site. Genetic disruption of this pathways reduces nucleotide binding and release kinetics up to 85-fold and abolishes nonmuscle myosin-2 specific kinetic signatures. These results provide insights into structural changes in the myosin motor domain that are triggered upon F-actin binding and contribute critically to the mechanochemical behavior of stress fibers, actin arcs, and cortical actin-based structures.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/138891v1

DOI: 10.1101/138891

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.