5 years ago

Elp3 and Dph3 of Schizosaccharomyces pombe mediate cellular stress responses through tRNALys UUU modifications

Desirée Villahermosa, Oliver Fleck
Efficient protein synthesis in eukaryotes requires diphthamide modification of translation elongation factor eEF2 and wobble uridine modifications of tRNAs. In higher eukaryotes, these processes are important for preventing neurological and developmental defects and cancer. In this study, we used Schizosaccharomyces pombe as a model to analyse mutants defective in eEF2 modification (dph1Δ), in tRNA modifications (elp3Δ), or both (dph3Δ) for sensitivity to cytotoxic agents and thermal stress. The dph3Δ and elp3Δ mutants were sensitive to a range of drugs and had growth defects at low temperature. dph3Δ was epistatic with dph1Δ for sensitivity to hydroxyurea and methyl methanesulfonate, and with elp3Δ for methyl methanesulfonate and growth at 16 °C. The dph1Δ and dph3Δ deletions rescued growth defects of elp3Δ in response to thiabendazole and at 37 °C. Elevated tRNALysUUU levels suppressed the elp3Δ phenotypes and some of the dph3Δ phenotypes, indicating that lack of tRNALysUUU modifications were responsible. Furthermore, we found positive genetic interactions of elp3Δ and dph3Δ with sty1Δ and atf1Δ, indicating that Elp3/Dph3-dependent tRNA modifications are important for efficient biosynthesis of key factors required for accurate responses to cytotoxic stress conditions.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-07647-1

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-07647-1

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