3 years ago

Few-Layered Mo(1–x)WxS2 Hollow Nanospheres on Ni3S2 Nanorod Heterostructure as Robust Electrocatalysts for Overall Water Splitting

Few-Layered Mo(1–x)WxS2 Hollow Nanospheres on Ni3S2 Nanorod Heterostructure as Robust Electrocatalysts for Overall Water Splitting
Cai-Ling Xu, Baopu Hou, Jing Du, Meiyong Zheng
Owing to unique optical, electronic, and catalytic properties, MoS2 have received increasing interest in electrochemical water splitting. Herein, few-layered Mo(1–x)WxS2 hollow nanospheres-modified Ni3S2 heterostructures are prepared through a facile hydrothermal method to further enhance the electrocatalytic performance of MoS2. The doping of W element optimizes the electronic structure of MoS2@Ni3S2 thus improving the conductivity and charge-transfer ability of MoS2@Ni3S2. In addition, benefitting from the few-layered hollow structure of Mo(1–x)WxS2, the strong electronic interactions between Mo(1–x)WxS2 and Ni3S2 and the hierarchical structure of one-dimensional nanorods and three-dimensional Ni foam, massive active sites and fast ion and charge transportation are obtained. As a result, the optimized Mo(1–x)WxS2@Ni3S2 heterostructure (Mo-W-S-2@Ni3S2) achieves an extremely low overpotential of 98 mV for hydrogen evolution reaction and 285 mV for oxygen evolution reaction at 10 mA cm–2 in alkaline electrolyte. Particularly, using Mo-W-S-2@Ni3S2 heterostructure as a bifunctional electrocatalyst, a cell voltage of 1.62 V is required to deliver a 10 mA cm–2 water splitting current density. In addition, the electrode can be maintained at 10 mA cm–2 for at least 50 h, indicating the excellent stability of Mo-W-S-2@Ni3S2 heterostructure. Therefore, this development demonstrates an effective and feasible strategy to prepare highly efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts for overall water splitting.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b07465

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b07465

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