5 years ago

Synthesis and Electrochemical Reaction of Tin Oxalate-Reduced Graphene Oxide Composite Anode for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries

Synthesis and Electrochemical Reaction of Tin Oxalate-Reduced Graphene Oxide Composite Anode for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
Yang-Kook Sun, Sung-Soo Kim, Jae-Hyeon Jo, Hitoshi Yashiro, Jae-Sang Park, Sun-Jae Kim, Seung-Taek Myung
Unlike for SnO2, few studies have reported on the use of SnC2O4 as an anode material for rechargeable lithium batteries. Here, we first introduce a SnC2O4-reduced graphene oxide composite produced via hydrothermal reactions followed by a layer-by-layer self-assembly process. The addition of rGO increased the electric conductivity up to ∼10–3 S cm–1. As a result, the SnC2O4-reduced graphene oxide electrode exhibited a high charge (oxidation) capacity of ∼1166 mAh g–1 at a current of 100 mA g–1 (0.1 C-rate) with a good retention delivering approximately 620 mAh g–1 at the 200th cycle. Even at a rate of 10 C (10 A g–1), the composite electrode was able to obtain a charge capacity of 467 mAh g–1. In contrast, the bare SnC2O4 had inferior electrochemical properties relative to those of the SnC2O4-reduced graphene oxide composite: ∼643 mAh g–1 at the first charge, retaining 192 mAh g–1 at the 200th cycle and 289 mAh g–1 at 10 C. This improvement in electrochemical properties is most likely due to the improvement in electric conductivity, which enables facile electron transfer via simultaneous conversion above 0.75 V and de/alloy reactions below 0.75 V: SnC2O4 + 2Li+ + 2e → Sn + Li2C2O4 + xLi+ + xe → LixSn on discharge (reduction) and vice versa on charge. This was confirmed by systematic studies of ex situ X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectroscopy.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b03325

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b03325

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