5 years ago

Matrix-Assisted Three-Dimensional Printing of Cellulose Nanofibers for Paper Microfluidics

Matrix-Assisted Three-Dimensional Printing of Cellulose Nanofibers for Paper Microfluidics
Jinho Hyun, Sungchul Shin
A cellulose nanofiber (CNF), one of the most attractive green bioresources, was adopted for construction of microfluidic devices using matrix-assisted three-dimensional (3D) printing. CNF hydrogels can support structures printed using CAD design in a 3D hydrogel environment with the appropriate combination of rheological properties between the CNF hydrogel and ink materials. Amazingly, the structure printed freely in the bulky CNF hydrogels was able to retain its highly resolved 3D features in an ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) paper using a simple drying process. The dimensional change in the CNF hydrogels from 3D to 2D resulted from simple dehydration of the CNFs and provided transparent, stackable paper-based 3D channel devices. As a proof of principle, the rheological properties of the CNF hydrogels, the 3D structure of the ink, the formation of channels by evacuation of the ink, and the highly localized selectivity of the devices are described.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b07609

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b07609

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