3 years ago

Povidone–Iodine-Based Polymeric Nanoparticles for Antibacterial Applications

Povidone–Iodine-Based Polymeric Nanoparticles for Antibacterial Applications
Wenxin Liu, Hongbo Fan, Yan-Jie Wang, Xinjie Wang, Alideertu Dong, Yangyang Gao, Wanjun Chen, Tianyi Gao
As microbial contamination is becoming more and more serious, antibacterial agents play an important role in preventing and removing bacterial pathogens from microbial pollution in our daily life. To solve the issues with water solubility and antibacterial stability of PVP–I2 (povidone–iodine) as a strong antibacterial agent, we successfully obtain hydrophobic povidone–iodine nanoparticles (povidone–iodine NPs) by a two-step method related to the advantage of nanotechnology. First, the synthesis of poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone-co-methyl methacrylate) nanoparticles, i.e., P(NVP-MMA) NPs, was controlled by tuning a feed ratio of NVP to MMA. Then, the products P(NVP-MMA) NPs were allowed to undergo a complexation reaction with iodine, resulting in the formation of a water-insoluble antibacterial material, povidone–iodine NPs. It is found that the feed ratio of NVP to MMA has an active effect on morphology, chemical composition, molecular weight, and hydrophilic–hydrophobic properties of the P(NVP-MMA) copolymer after some technologies, such as SEM, DLS, elemental analysis, 1H NMR, GPC, and the contact angle test, were used in the characterizations. The antibacterial property of povidone–iodine NPs was investigated by using Escherichia coli (E. coli), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) as model bacteria with the colony count method. Interestingly, three products, such as glue, ink, and dye, after the incorporation of povidone–iodine NPs, show significant antibacterial properties. It is believed that, with the advantage of nanoscale morphology, the final povidone–iodine NPs should have great potential for utilization in various fields where antifouling and antibacterial properties are highly required.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b05622

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b05622

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