4 years ago

Effects of MgO and SiO2 on Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite Coating: An in Vivo Study in Rat Distal Femoral Defects

Effects of MgO and SiO2 on Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite Coating: An in Vivo Study in Rat Distal Femoral Defects
Samuel F. Robertson, Amit Bandyopadhyay, William S. Dernell, Dongxu Ke, Susmita Bose
Plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated titanium implants have been widely used in orthopedic applications due to their inheritance of an excellent mechanical property from titanium and great osteoconductivity from HA. However, the lack of osteoinductivity limits their further applications. In this study, 1 wt % MgO and 0.5 wt % SiO2 were mixed with HA for making plasma-sprayed coatings on titanium implants. Plasma-sprayed HA- and MgO/SiO2–HA-coated titanium implants showed adhesive bond strengths of 25.73 ± 1.92 and 23.44 ± 2.89 MPa, respectively. The presence of MgO and SiO2 significantly increased the osteogenesis, osseointegration, and bone mineralization of HA-coated titanium implants by the evaluation of their histomorphology after 6, 10, and 14 weeks of implantation in rat distal femoral defects. Implant pushout tests also showed a shear modulus of 149.83 ± 3.69 MPa for MgO/SiO2–HA-coated implants after 14 weeks of implantation, compared to 52.68 ± 10.41 MPa for uncoated implants and 83.92 ± 3.68 MPa for pure HA-coated implants; These are differences in the shear modulus of 96% and 56.4%, respectively. This study assesses for the first time the quality of the bone–implant interface of induction plasma-sprayed MgO and SiO2 binary-doped HA coatings on load-bearing implants compared to bare titanium and pure HA coatings in a quantitative manner. Relating the osseointegration and interface shear modulus to the quality of implant fixation is critical to the advancement and implementation of HA-coated orthopedic implants.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b05574

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b05574

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