5 years ago

Enhanced Thermochemical Stability of CH3NH3PbI3 Perovskite Films on Zinc Oxides via New Precursors and Surface Engineering

Enhanced Thermochemical Stability of CH3NH3PbI3 Perovskite Films on Zinc Oxides via New Precursors and Surface Engineering
Yinhua Zhou, Ru Ge, Bangwu Luo, Jiacheng Fan, Chang Ge, Wei Meng, Tiefeng Liu, Youyu Jiang, Lin Hu, Fei Qin, Fangyuan Jiang
Hydroxyl groups on the surface of ZnO films lead to the chemical decomposition of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite films during thermal annealing, which limits the application of ZnO as a facile electron-transporting layer (ETL) in perovskite solar cells. In this work, we report a new recipe that leads to substantially reduced hydroxyl groups on the surface of the resulting ZnO films by employing polyethylenimine (PEI) to replace generally used ethanolamine in the precursor solutions. Films derived from the PEI-containing precursors are denoted as P-ZnO and those from the ethanolamine-containing precursors as E-ZnO. Besides the fewer hydroxyl groups that alleviate the thermochemical decomposition of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite films, P-ZnO also provides a template for the fixation of fullerene ([6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester, PCBM) owing to its nitrogen-rich surface that can interact with PCBM. The fullerene was used to block the direct contact between P-ZnO and CH3NH3PbI3 films and therefore further enhance the thermochemical stability of perovskite films. As a result, perovskite solar cells based on the P-ZnO/PCBM ETL yield an optimal power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 15.38%. We also adopt P-ZnO as the ETL for organic solar cells that yield a remarkable PCE of 10.5% based on the PBDB-T:ITIC photoactive layer.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b07192

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b07192

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