5 years ago

Comprehensive Study of Sol–Gel versus Hydrolysis–Condensation Methods To Prepare ZnO Films: Electron Transport Layers in Perovskite Solar Cells

Comprehensive Study of Sol–Gel versus Hydrolysis–Condensation Methods To Prepare ZnO Films: Electron Transport Layers in Perovskite Solar Cells
Kai-cheng Zhang, Yu-han Zhao, Bo Song, Yi Zhou, Zhen-dong Li, Kai Zhu, Peng Huang, Zhao-wei Wang, Li-gang Yuan, Da-hua Li
Owing to the high charge mobility and low processing temperature, ZnO is regarded as an ideal candidate for electron transport layer (ETL) material in thin-film solar cells. For the film preparation, the presently dominated sol–gel (SG) and hydrolysis–condensation (HC) methods show great potential; however, the effect of these two methods on the performance of the resulting devices has not been investigated in the same frame. In this study, the ZnO films made through SG and HC methods were applied in perovskite solar cells (Pero-SCs), and the performances of corresponding devices were compared under parallel conditions. We found that the surface morphologies and the conductivities of the films prepared by SG and HC methods showed great differences. The HC-ZnO films with higher conductivity led to relatively higher device performance, and the best power conversion efficiencie (PCE) of 12.9% was obtained; meanwhile, for Pero-SCs based on SG-ZnO, the best PCE achieved was 10.9%. The better device performance of Pero-SCs based on HC-ZnO should be attributed to the better charge extraction and transportation ability of HC-ZnO film. Moreover, to further enhance the performance of Pero-SCs, a thin layer of pristine C60 was introduced between HC-ZnO and perovskite layers. By doing so, the quality of perovskite films was improved, and the PCE was elevated to 14.1%. The preparation of HC-ZnO film involves relatively lower-temperature (maximum 100 °C) processing; the films showed better charge extraction and transportation properties and can be a more promising ETL material in Pero-SCs.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b04833

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b04833

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