4 years ago

Aromatically C6- and C9-Substituted Phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazole Blue Fluorophores: Structure–Property Relationship and Electroluminescent Application

Aromatically C6- and C9-Substituted Phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazole Blue Fluorophores: Structure–Property Relationship and Electroluminescent Application
Yi Yuan, Yuan Xiong, Andrey L. Rogach, Qing-Xiao Tong, Chun-Sing Lee, Wen-Cheng Chen
In this study, a series of aromatically substituted phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazole (PI) fluorophores at C6 and C9 (no. 6 and 9 carbon atoms) have been synthesized and systematically characterized by theoretical, thermal, photophysical, electrochemical, and electroluminescent (EL) studies. C6 and C9 modifications have positive influences on the thermal properties of the new materials. Theoretical calculations suggest that the C6 and the C9 positions of PI are electronically different. Theoretical and experimental evidences of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) between two identical moieties attaching to the C6 and the C9 positions are observed. Photophysical properties of the fluorophores are greatly influenced by size and conjugation extent of the substituents as well as linking steric hindrance. It is found that the C6 and C9 positions afford moderate conjugated extension compared to the C2 modification. Moreover, ICT characteristics of the new fluorophores increase as the size of the substituted aromatic group, and are partially influenced by steric hindrance, with the anthracene and the pyrene derivatives having the strongest ICT excited properties. EL performances of the fluorophores were evaluated as host emitters or dopants in organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs). Most of the devices showed significantly improved efficiencies compared to the OLED using the nonmodified emitter. Among all the devices, a 5 wt % TPI−Py doped device exhibited excellent performances with an external quantum efficiency >5% at 1000 cd/m2 and a deep-blue color index of (0.155, 0.065), which are comparable to the most advanced deep-blue devices. Our study can give useful information for designing C6/C9-modificated PI fluorophores and provide an efficient approach for constructing high-performance deep-blue OLEDs.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b06547

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b06547

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