5 years ago

Membrane Targeting Peptides toward Antileishmanial Activity: Design, Structural Determination and Mechanism of Interaction

Membrane Targeting Peptides toward Antileishmanial Activity: Design, Structural Determination and Mechanism of Interaction
Leishmaniasis threatens poor areas population worldwide, requiring new drugs less prone to resistance development. Antimicrobial peptides with antileishmanial activity are considered among fulfilling alternatives, but not much is known about the mode of action of membrane-targeting peptides, considering promastigote and infected macrophage membranes. In a previous work, structural features of very active known peptides were prospected using molecular dynamics simulations. Methods Combining sequences of these peptides, analogs were designed. The structure of analog DecP-11 was validated by NMR. In vitro bioassays determined the peptide cytotoxicity toward mammalian cells, IC50 values on promastigotes and amastigotes, and membranolytic activity compared to Decoralin, one of the parent peptides. With biophysical methods, the mechanism of interaction with membrane mimetic systems was investigated. Results The designed peptide exhibits potent cytolytic and membrane permeabilizing activities, and decreased antileishmanial activity compared to the parent peptide. Interactions with lipid bilayers mimicking those of promastigotes, infected macrophage and mammalian cells showed that these peptides strongly bind to vesicles with intense lytic activity at low concentrations. Additionally, circular dichroism and light scattering experiments showed changes in the secondary structure of peptides and in vesicle size, depending on vesicles compositions. Altogether they suggest that DecP-11 antileishmanial activity is impaired by the aggregation and that aminophospholipids are probably involved. Conclusions DecP-11 potent cytolytic and membranolytic activities with lack of selectivity toward promastigote model membranes warrant further structural studies to improve selectivity. General significance: Strong interactions of peptides with aminophospholipids, abundant in parasite membranes, potentially lead to aggregated forms impairing activity.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0304416517302489

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.