4 years ago

Lhx1/5 control dendritogenesis and spine morphogenesis of Purkinje cells via regulation of Espin

Lhx1/5 control dendritogenesis and spine morphogenesis of Purkinje cells via regulation of Espin
Chi Chiu Wang, Wing Ho Yung, Jian-Dong Huang, Kin Ming Kwan, Caiji Gao, Nga Chu Lui, Liwen Jiang, Wing Yip Tam
In the cerebellar cortex, Purkinje cells (PCs) receive signals from different inputs through their extensively branched dendrites and serve as an integration centre. Defects in the dendritic development of PCs thus disrupt cerebellar circuitry and cause ataxia. Here we report that specific inactivation of both Lhx1 and Lhx5 in postnatal PCs results in ataxic mutant mice with abnormal dendritic development. The PCs in the mutants have reduced expression of Espin, an F-actin cytoskeleton regulator. We show that Espin expression is transcriptionally activated by Lhx1/5. Downregulation of Espin leads to F-actin mislocalization, thereby impairing dendritogenesis and dendritic spine maturation in the PCs. The mutant PCs therefore fail to form proper synapses and show aberrant electrophysiological properties. By overexpressing Espin, we can successfully rescue the defects in the mutant PCs. Our findings suggest that Lhx1/5, through regulating Espin expression, control dendritogenesis and spine morphogenesis in postnatal PCs.

Publisher URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15079

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15079

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