3 years ago

Charge Density Wave and Narrow Energy Gap at Room Temperature in 2D Pb3–xSb1+xS4Te2−δ with Square Te Sheets

Charge Density Wave and Narrow Energy Gap at Room Temperature in 2D Pb3–xSb1+xS4Te2−δ with Square Te Sheets
Duck Young Chung, Haijie Chen, Awadhesh Narayan, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Lucas K. Wagner, Christos D. Malliakas, Wai-Kwong Kwok, Lei Fang
We report a new two-dimensional compound, Pb3–xSb1+xS4Te2−δ, that has a charge density wave (CDW) at room temperature. The CDW is incommensurate with q-vector of 0.248(6)a* + 0.246(8)b* + 0.387(9)c* for x = 0.29(2) and δ = 0.37(3) due to positional and occupational long-range ordering of Te atoms in the sheets. The modulated structure was refined from the single-crystal X-ray diffraction data with a superspace group P1̅(αβγ)0 using (3 + 1)-dimensional crystallography. The resistivity increases with decreasing temperature, suggesting semiconducting behavior. The transition temperature (TCDW) of the CDW is ∼345 K, above which the Te square sheets become disordered with no q-vector. First-principles density functional theory calculations on the undistorted structure and an approximate commensurate supercell reveal that the gap is due to the structure modulation.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b06446

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b06446

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