3 years ago

Inhibition of caspase-1 or gasdermin-D enable caspase-8 activation in the Naip5/NLRC4/ASC inflammasome

Graziele Z. Manin, Daiane M. Cerqueira, Danielle P. A. Mascarenhas, Talita D. Fernandes, Dario S. Zamboni, Marcelo S. F. Pereira, Larissa D. Cunha, Fernanda V. S. Castanheira

by Danielle P. A. Mascarenhas, Daiane M. Cerqueira, Marcelo S. F. Pereira, Fernanda V. S. Castanheira, Talita D. Fernandes, Graziele Z. Manin, Larissa D. Cunha, Dario S. Zamboni

Legionella pneumophila is a Gram-negative, flagellated bacterium that survives in phagocytes and causes Legionnaires’ disease. Upon infection of mammalian macrophages, cytosolic flagellin triggers the activation of Naip/NLRC4 inflammasome, which culminates in pyroptosis and restriction of bacterial replication. Although NLRC4 and caspase-1 participate in the same inflammasome, Nlrc4-/- mice and their macrophages are more permissive to L. pneumophila replication compared with Casp1/11-/-. This feature supports the existence of a pathway that is NLRC4-dependent and caspase-1/11-independent. Here, we demonstrate that caspase-8 is recruited to the Naip5/NLRC4/ASC inflammasome in response to flagellin-positive bacteria. Accordingly, caspase-8 is activated in Casp1/11-/- macrophages in a process dependent on flagellin, Naip5, NLRC4 and ASC. Silencing caspase-8 in Casp1/11-/- cells culminated in macrophages that were as susceptible as Nlrc4-/- for the restriction of L. pneumophila replication. Accordingly, macrophages and mice deficient in Asc/Casp1/11-/- were more susceptible than Casp1/11-/- and as susceptible as Nlrc4-/- for the restriction of infection. Mechanistically, we found that caspase-8 activation triggers gasdermin-D-independent pore formation and cell death. Interestingly, caspase-8 is recruited to the Naip5/NLRC4/ASC inflammasome in wild-type macrophages, but it is only activated when caspase-1 or gasdermin-D is inhibited. Our data suggest that caspase-8 activation in the Naip5/NLRC4/ASC inflammasome enable induction of cell death when caspase-1 or gasdermin-D is suppressed.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1006502

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