3 years ago

Solid frustrated-Lewis-pair catalysts constructed by regulations on surface defects of porous nanorods of CeO2

Solid frustrated-Lewis-pair catalysts constructed by regulations on surface defects of porous nanorods of CeO2
Wei Gao, Yuanyuan Ma, Jing Li, Chun-Ran Chang, Sai Zhang, Zheng-Qing Huang, Fangxian Cao, Lin Li, Yongquan Qu
Identification on catalytic sites of heterogeneous catalysts at atomic level is important to understand catalytic mechanism. Surface engineering on defects of metal oxides can construct new active sites and regulate catalytic activity and selectivity. Here we outline the strategy by controlling surface defects of nanoceria to create the solid frustrated Lewis pair (FLP) metal oxide for efficient hydrogenation of alkenes and alkynes. Porous nanorods of ceria (PN-CeO2) with a high concentration of surface defects construct new Lewis acidic sites by two adjacent surface Ce3+. The neighbouring surface lattice oxygen as Lewis base and constructed Lewis acid create solid FLP site due to the rigid lattice of ceria, which can easily dissociate H–H bond with low activation energy of 0.17 eV.

Publisher URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15266

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15266

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