5 years ago

Ribosome Mediated Quinary Interactions Modulate In-Cell Protein Activities

Ribosome Mediated Quinary Interactions Modulate In-Cell Protein Activities
Christopher M. DeMott, Sergey Reverdatto, Subhabrata Majumder, David S. Burz, Alexander Shekhtman
Ribosomes are present inside bacterial cells at micromolar concentrations and occupy up to 20% of the cell volume. Under these conditions, even weak quinary interactions between ribosomes and cytosolic proteins can affect protein activity. By using in-cell and in vitro NMR spectroscopy, and biophysical techniques, we show that the enzymes, adenylate kinase and dihydrofolate reductase, and the respective coenzymes, ATP and NADPH, bind to ribosomes with micromolar affinity, and that this interaction suppresses the enzymatic activities of both enzymes. Conversely, thymidylate synthase, which works together with dihydrofolate reductase in the thymidylate synthetic pathway, is activated by ribosomes. We also show that ribosomes impede diffusion of green fluorescent protein in vitro and contribute to the decrease in diffusion in vivo. These results strongly suggest that ribosome-mediated quinary interactions contribute to the differences between in vitro and in vivo protein activities and that ribosomes play a previously under-appreciated nontranslational role in regulating cellular biochemistry.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00613

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00613

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