3 years ago

Complexity Reduction in Large Quantum Systems: Fragment Identification and Population Analysis via a Local Optimized Minimal Basis

Complexity Reduction in Large Quantum Systems: Fragment Identification and Population Analysis via a Local Optimized Minimal Basis
Michel Masella, Luigi Genovese, Stephan Mohr, Laura E. Ratcliff
We present, within Kohn–Sham density functional theory calculations, a quantitative method to identify and assess the partitioning of a large quantum-mechanical system into fragments. We then show how within this framework simple generalizations of other well-known population analyses can be used to extract, from first-principles, reliable electrostatic multipoles for the identified fragments. Our approach reduces arbitrariness in the fragmentation procedure and enables the possibility to assess quantitatively whether the corresponding fragment multipoles can be interpreted as observable quantities associated with a system moiety. By applying our formalism within the code BigDFT, we show that the use of a minimal set of in situ-optimized basis functions allows at the same time a proper fragment definition and an accurate description of the electronic structure.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jctc.7b00291

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jctc.7b00291

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