5 years ago

The RNA-binding site of poliovirus 3C protein doubles as a phosphoinositide-binding domain

Moustafa, Li, D. W., Cameron, M., S., D. D., Cremer, D., C. E., Sun, Boehr, Buck, Gohara, Z.-L., Shengjuler, Chan, P. S., I. M., Y. M.
Some viruses use phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PIP) to mark membranes used for genome replication or virion assembly. PIP-binding motifs of cellular proteins do not exist in viral proteins. Molecular-docking simulations revealed a putative site of PIP binding to poliovirus (PV) 3C protein that was validated using NMR spectroscopy. The PIP-binding site was located on a highly dynamic -helix that also functions in RNA binding. Broad PIP-binding activity was observed in solution using a fluorescence polarization assay or in the context of a lipid bilayer using an on-chip, fluorescence assay. All-atom molecular dynamics simulations of the 3C protein-membrane interface revealed PIP clustering and perhaps PIP-dependent conformations. PIP clustering was mediated by interaction with residues that interact with the RNA phosphodiester backbone. We conclude that 3C binding to membranes will be determined by PIP abundance. We suggest that the duality of function observed for 3C may extend to RNA-binding proteins of other viruses.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/172742v1

DOI: 10.1101/172742

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