3 years ago

Efficient Carrier Multiplication in Colloidal Silicon Nanorods

Efficient Carrier Multiplication in Colloidal Silicon Nanorods
Yixuan Yu, Brian A. Korgel, Carl Jackson Stolle, Xiaotang Lu, Richard D. Schaller
Auger recombination lifetimes, absorption cross sections, and the quantum yields of carrier multiplication (CM), or multiexciton generation (MEG), were determined for solvent-dispersed silicon (Si) nanorods using transient absorption spectroscopy (TAS). Nanorods with an average diameter of 7.5 nm and aspect ratios of 6.1, 19.3, and 33.2 were examined. Colloidal Si nanocrystals of similar diameters were also studied for comparison. The nanocrystals and nanorods were passivated with organic ligands by hydrosilylation to prevent surface oxidation and limit the effects of surface trapping of photoexcited carriers. All samples used in the study exhibited relatively efficient photoluminescence. The Auger lifetimes increased with nanorod length, and the nanorods exhibited higher CM quantum yield and efficiency than the nanocrystals with a similar band gap energy Eg. Beyond a critical length, the CM quantum yield decreases. Nanorods with the aspect ratio of 19.3 had the highest CM quantum yield of 1.6 ± 0.2 at 2.9Eg, which corresponded to a multiexciton yield that was twice as high as observed for the spherical nanocrystals.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02386

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02386

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